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Pakistan, Earthquake, North India Today's GK – February 10, 2021 | Drishti IAS English

I am puja dvd and in this segment we bring to you objective questions on a daily basis to help you crack prelims. So let’s begin with the practice question of last segment with reference to one nation. One ration card scheme consider the following statements: it was started as an interstate portability, operation cards in 2019 and it allows the migratory national food security act 2013 beneficiaries to lift their entitled quota food grains from any fair price shop of their choice anywhere in the country. So, which of the statements given above is or are correct one only two, only both one and two, neither one or two the correct answer to this question is c. I hope you have answered it correctly. Both the statements are correct. Moving on to the explanation, the secretary department of food and public distribution that day convened a meeting with states and union territories through video conferencing and reviewed the progress of the scheme, and he asked the states to deepen the progress about installation of electronic point of sale Devices now what are electronic point of sale devices? The point of sale devices are those devices which help in digital transaction and they are installed at the actual area or actual point where transaction is taking place, and he also said that aadhaar seeding of all beneficiaries should be there. Biometric authentication of pds transaction should be there, and portability transaction both in the state and interest state should also be there now.

Biometric authentication should be there so that it is known that the targeted benefits are reaching to the are reaching the actual beneficiaries and not the fake beneficiaries right moving on. If we talk about the scheme, it was started as an interstate portability of ration cards in the year 2019. It allows the migratory national food security act beneficiaries to live their entitled of food cranes from any fair price shops of their choice anywhere in the country. So if we talk about national food security act, it was notified on 10th of september 2013 and it strives to achieve food, security and nutritional security that every individual can have access to affordable food in order to live life with dignity. And that is why the government is going to the government has initiated the scheme so that the migrant labors and the unskilled laborers, who move from one sector, one state to another state, do not just lag behind when it comes to getting nutritional and food security. All right – and this can be done by using their existing ration cards with aadhaar based authentication, of course, let’s move on to the first question of today’s. Damn agreement, often seen in the news, is related to which of the following countries: india and afghanistan, iran and iraq. India and bhutan, bangladesh and myanmar, the correct answer to this question is a that is india and afghanistan. Recently, indian afghanistan signed agreement amidst summit level talks. The sahato dam is to be constructed on the kabul river basin, along with the sahetooth dam, india has pledged to rebuild afghanistan, committing to usd 80 million worth of projects now.

India needs and india has maintained its presence in the country of afghanistan since many decades, and why does it want to do so? Because it wants to decrease the influence of pakistan and moving on let’s? Look at the next question which of the following streets: separates ukraine from russia, bering street kersh strait strait of messina park street. The correct answer to this question is b that is kersh street. So recently, ukraine has shown interest to procure some military hardware from india. In addition to efforts to deepen its presence in the indian defense market and india and ukraine have very warm and friendly ties with in since very a long period of time, if we talk about 1991 after it broke away after it was separated from ussr the soviet India recognized it as a country and it’s. It also established its embassy there in the year 1992 and in return. Ukraine also had its presence in new delhi in the year 1993 and in the defence sector. These two countries have been collaborating a lot, especially when it comes to defense technology. Also, ukraine is bordered by belarus to the north, russia, to the east, the sea of azov and the black sea to the south, moldova and romania to the southwest and hungary, slovakia and poland to the west. In the far south east, ukraine is separated from russia by the kosh street, which connects the sea of reserve to the black sea. Moving on to the next question, bureau of indian standards is the official agency for publishing seismic hazard maps and codes.

The ring of fire is located in pacific ocean which of the statements given above, is or are correct one only two, only both one and two, neither one or two the correct answer to this question is c. That is both one and two recently scientists have found the first geological evidence of the earthquake on the border of assam and arunachal pradesh documented as the sadiya earthquake in history. The finding could contribute to a seismic hazard map of the eastern himalayas, which can facilitate construction and planning in the region. So if we do mapping for seismology what will happen, the citizens, as well as the government, will come to know which regions could be protected from natural disasters such as earthquake, and how the planning should be there in order to make the entire construction or the entire Infrastructure, earthquake proof and bureau of indian standards is the official agency for publishing the seesmic hazard maps and codes. The world’s greatest earthquake belt, that is, the circum pacific seasmic belt, is found along the rim of pacific ocean, where about 81 of our planet’s largest earthquakes occur. Now it has earned the nickname of a ring of fire. Why is it known as the ring of fire? Because it is like this and because of the oceanic plate subducting under the continental plates, the entire region becomes vulnerable to earthquakes right because plates are moving. They are subducting. Moving on the belt exists along the boundaries of tectonic plates.

We have already discussed that moving on to the next question, consider the following paste, which of the above pairs is or are correctly matched one only two, only one and two only one, two and three, so you have to see the correct answer here is see. That is one and two only only the first and the second pairs are correctly matched so diyan ganga sanctuary belongs to maharashtra, pongdam wildlife sanctuary belongs to himachal pradesh and shinar wildlife sanctuary belongs to kerala. Moving on to the next question, with reference to blockchain technology, consider the following statements: blockchain is a database of information that appears on multiple computers. At the same time, it provides stamper evident record, keeping real time, transaction transparency and audit ability which of the statements given above, is or are correct one only two, only both one and two, neither one or two the correct answer to this question is see. That is both one and two. Both the statements are correct. Blockchain is a system in which the database of recordings, which is a chain, appears on multiple computers at the same time, even as it is updated with any new digital information, that is a block. So as the blocks get attached to each other, that information is transmitted to all the computers who are who have hold of stakes in that particular transaction and because of the transmission of data, it becomes very hard to reverse it, make it irreversible or even tamper with It that is the reason, and it offers a singular combination of permanent and tamper, evident record, keeping real time, transaction transparency and auditability and because of this particular region reason because of the sole reason that it couldn’t be tampered.

The election commission was also thinking about using the voting system having the voting system of the entire country through blockchain technology, but it had certain shortcomings as well. Moving on let’s look at the next question mission. Innovation, often seen in the news, is related to which of the following: clean energy, digital india program, smart, india, hackathon, women, empowerment. The correct answer to this question is a that is clean energy mission. Innovation is an international initiative to accelerate public and private clean energy innovation to address the issues of climate change, make a clean energy economy to consumers and generate green jobs and business opportunities. Now there are eight innovation challenges under the mission: innovation ic, one that is smart grids, ic2 of grids, access to electricity; ic3, that is, carbon capture, ic4 sustainable biofuels, ic5 converting sunlight, ic6, clean energy materials, ic7, affordable cooling and heating of buildings; ic8, renewable and clean hydrogen. Moving on to the next question consider the following statements with reference to hope mission. It is the first interplanetary mission for the arab world. It will give planetary scientists their first global view of martian weather at all times of day, which of the statements given above is or are correct, one only two, only both one and two, neither one or two the correct answer to this question is c. That is both one and two. Both the statements are correct. The arab world’s first mission to mars, which took off in july 2020, is about seven hours away from the destination.

Hope mission is the first interplanetary mission for the arab world. The hope orbiter will be lifted on an h, iia rocket from mitsubishi heavy industries, a machinery maker in japan. It will be launched from tanegashima island in japan. This could be asked in your prelims exam. It will give planetary scientists their first global view of martian weather at all times and over its two year mission. It will investigate how dust, storms and other weather phenomenons near the martian surface, speed or slow the laws of planets atmosphere into space. Moving on to the next question, which of the following rivers are tributaries of river allah. Now we know why this question has been asked: pinder, ganga, kali, ganga kishanganga, select the correct answer using the codes 1, 2 and 3, 2, 3 and 4. Two and three only one three and four only so the correct answer to this question is a that is these three: are the tributaries of river major tributaries east tissue that joins alaknanda at karnupriyak pinder? It rises from nanda devi mandakani, which is also known as kaliganga. It joins aleknanda at rudraprayar and holy gangnam, also vishenganga right. Moving on consider the following statements with reference to eco sensitive zones. These areas are notified around protected areas, national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. They act as a transition zone from areas of high protection to areas involving lesser protection, which of the statements given above, is or are correct one only two, only both one and two, neither one or two the correct answer to this question is c.

That is both one and two equal sensitive zones or ecologically fragile areas are areas notified by the moefcc around protected areas, national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. The purpose of declaring esc’s is to create some kind of shock absorbers to the protected area by regulating and managing the activities around such areas, and they also act as a transition zone from areas of high protection to areas involving lesser protection. Also, the environment protection act of 1986 does not mention any sort of words such as eco sensitive zones and an esz could go up to 10 kilometers around a protected area, as provided in the wildlife conservation strategy of 2002.. Moving on to the next question consider the following statements with reference to united nations human rights council. It investigates allegations of breaches of human rights and countries all over the world. It also addresses important thematic human rights issues such as freedom of expression, women’s rights, lgbt rights and the rights of racial and ethnic minorities. The unh works closely with the office of the high commissioner for human rights, which of the statements given above, is or are correct. One and two only two and three, only one and three, only one two and three, the correct answer to this question is b, that is 2 and 3 only the second and the third statement. These two statements are correct. The human rights council is an intergovernmental body within the united nations system and its location it meets at the office at geneva.

Its establishment is that it was founded in the year 2006 and it replaced the former united nations commission on human rights that had been strongly criticized for allowing countries with poor human rights record to be its members. It investigates allegations of breaches of human rights in the u.n member states. It also address important thematic human rights issues such as freedom of expression, women’s rights, lgbt rights and the rights of racial and ethnic minorities. The unhrc works closely with the office of high commissioner for human rights. Moving on let’s look at the practice question for our next segment: national landslide susceptibility mapping a national program on landslides, susceptibility mapping is undertaken by which of the following organizations or ministries, ministry of earth sciences, geological survey of india, council of scientific and industrial research guardia institute Of himalayan geology, so i hope you’ll be able to answer it correctly in the comment segment that’s it for today.

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