Last week we talked about the immune system, how it responds to pathogens and how vaccines are an exploitation of that response. This week and next we’re covering the history of vaccine resistance, including backlash from the public incidents associated with vaccination and debunked issues that somehow continue to gain traction, despite a complete lack of evidence, there’s so much that we’re gon na need two episodes to get through it. But starting it is the topic of this week’s healthcare triage Music. It might seem like the anti vaxx movement is a relatively modern one, but societal pushback against vaccination has been going on pretty much since vaccines were invented. In 1721, cotton mather, a major player in bringing smallpox inoculation to the americas, didn’t, have a lot of fans according to historical records, a primitive grenade was thrown through his window. With a note attached to it. That said and i’m, quoting cotton mather, you dog, damn you i’ll inoculate you with this with a pox to you, mather later wrote about this saying: i never saw the devil so let loose upon any occasion when one medical journal announced their support in 1903 for compulsory Vaccinations they received an avalanche of letters from very angry vaccine opponents. One such letter was from a doctor in new york, demanding his subscription be canceled. This demand was accompanied by the statement. I’M. Quoting oh bosh. Take a boy and scratch him all over with the nail and then roll him in the mud, and i will guarantee that no harm will come from it.
As long as that nasty rottenest poisonous matter is kept out of the abrasions other detractors compared compulsory vaccination laws to the command of king herod, to kill all male children under the age of two long story. Short vaccination related passions have always run high and even back in the days of yore, a piece of the pushback against vaccines had to do with government regulation. In england, public health policies were seen by some as an assault on working class communities by the ruling class. With anti vaccine groups being reportedly composed, largely of laborers small shopkeepers and the like, with their greatest support, concentrated in working class areas, it was claimed that middle class citizens who refused mandatory vaccinations were rarely prosecuted and members of parliament were not forced to vaccinate their children. If they didn’t want to, while working class people were held to a different standard, perhaps because they were thought to be the conduits of disease, potentially unsavory reasons aside, people don’t often like to be told what to do. Regardless of the reason when the government requires something like seat belts or vaccinations to safeguard public health, it’s viewed by some as an affront to individual freedoms and by others, is necessary for the overall good. The push and pull can be seen in the history books. Doctors in the 1800s, who believed in the efficacy of vaccination nevertheless spoke out against it being compulsory for reasons of basic human rights. Others asserted that if god had not wanted people to be vaccinated, he would have vaccinated them, though this argument is particularly weak.
Considering that humans regularly build tools with which they were not born, but are still often quite handy in 1805, marianne eliza of lucca napoleon’s sister was the first ruler to try and make vaccination compulsory, but she was unable to because she couldn’t find a practical way to Force people to do it. The british vaccination act of 1853 made smallpox vaccination mandatory for children during the first three months of life with parents subject to fines or imprisonment for non compliance. In 1898, a new act was passed that included a conscience clause allowing vaccination exemptions for parents who did not believe the vaccines were safe and or effective. In 1902, cambridge massachusetts ordered vaccination in response to a smallpox outbreak and henning jacobson. A pastor in cambridge refused for both himself and his son on the grounds that they’d had bad reactions to previous vaccines. As a result, he was fined five dollars, which translates today to about a hundred dollars. Jacobson objected on the ground that his personal liberty was being violated and the case eventually worked its way to the united states supreme court, where, in 1905, the court upheld the constitutionality of mandatory vaccinations by states they determined that states had the authority to legislate all matters Within their geographic boundaries, including the passage of laws that promoted health, peace, morals, education and good order of the people by 1922, many u.s schools required smallpox vaccination in order for children to attend. Another anti vaccine sentiment seen today, that is echoes in history, is the follow.
The money argument pharmaceutical companies are seen by many as profit driven and therefore inherently untrustworthy. Their vaccines included literature pointing to the money made by physicians in large corporations by a vaccination of the poor existed even in the early 1900s. As a side note, we acknowledge that profit motive can sometimes lead to corruption. We’Re, just saying that profit issues aside the evidence for the safety and benefit of vaccines still stands up to scrutiny. But again i digress, while diphtheria and many other childhood illnesses would eventually be eradicated. In the united states by immunization the resistance was real. In 1926, a group of health officers came to georgetown delaware to vaccinate the town’s people an armed mob, led by a retired army. Lieutenant and a city councilman forced them out and prevented the vaccination attempt. Interestingly, many anti vaccination advocates of the 1850s were independent physicians. One of these was a physician in new orleans who worked hard through a yellow fever. Epidemic was a leading surgeon in the city and was the first to adopt joseph lister’s antiseptic techniques in his wards. However, he also called for a return of bloodletting, the practice of withdrawing blood from people to treat illnesses so there’s that working alone, such individuals didn’t, have much influence, given that the majority of the medical establishment firmly supported vaccination. However, these individuals began to organize and exert greater effects on public opinion. A small group of physicians, led by a british anti vaccine, advocate founded the anti vaccination society of america in 1879.
. By 1900, several u.s anti vaccination societies were founded. Associations, like the american medical liberty league, found that in 1918 opposed vaccination, keep in mind here that they also opposed other public health measures like medical licensing and isolating contagious diseases. Also good to keep in mind is that the largest group of physicians working to oppose such measures were homeopaths proponents of alternative medicine that has yet to be backed up by reliable evidence. Some of the reasons – people distrust vaccines is because sometimes bad things happen around the time of vaccination and thus vaccines get blamed for those bad things. Post hoc, ergo, propter, huck that’s, the topic in next week’s health care triage hey to enjoy this episode. You’D enjoy the entire series on vaccinations: go watch. It we’ve got a playlist also subscribe to the channel, so you don’t miss anything like the video too, could also consider going on over to patreon.com healthcaretriage, where you can help support.